Young People and Gambling. A research study among 11-15 year olds in England and Wales
Av: Gambling Commission
Kategorier: Om spel motivation kultur och spelproblem
Gambling prevalence Overall, 16% of 11-15 year olds spent their own money on a gambling activity in the week prior to taking part in the study – a figure that has remained in the 15-17% range since 2013, having fallen from a peak of 23% in 2011. The most popular forms of gambling continue to be fruit machines (5%), placing a private bet with friends (5%), playing cards for money with friends (4%), and National Lottery scratchcards (4%). In total, 8% of 11-15 year olds had gambled on a commercial premises in the last week, and 8% had played games for money with friends. Gambling in the past week is twice as prevalent among boys (21%) as among girls (11%). Online gambling activity 3% of 11-15 year olds have ever spent their own money on online gambling, but 6% have ever gambled online using their parents’ accounts (either with or without permission). The current prevalence of ever playing gambling-style social games (which are free to play and offer no cash prizes) is 9%. Perception of and reasons for gambling The top three reasons given for gambling for the first time were ‘to make money’ (24%), ‘I thought it would be fun/entertaining’ (23%) and ‘I thought it would be exciting’ (21%). The majority of 11-15 year olds (58%) agree that ‘gambling is dangerous’ while fewer than one in ten children agreed that, ‘gambling is safer if you practice it first’, ‘gambling is an easy way to make money’, ‘the more you gamble the better your chance of winning’ and ‘most people my age gamble’. Gambling advertising and social media 11-15 year olds are most likely to have ever seen gambling advertisements on TV (75%) followed by on social media websites (63%) and other websites (57%). In addition, almost one in ten (9%) follow gambling companies on social media sites, principally Facebook (5%), Instagram (4%) and YouTube (4%). Problem gambling The proportion of 12-15 year olds classified as ‘problem’ gamblers1, using the youth-adapted problem gambling screen DSM-IV-MR-J2, has remained low at 0.4% (compared to 0.6% in the 2015 study), with a further 1.6% classified as ‘at risk’ (compared to 1.2% in 2015). The National Lottery Overall, 5% of 11-15 year olds had played any National Lottery game in the past 7 days, showing no change since 2015. Scratchcards (4%) and Lotto (3%) were the most popular forms of play. Amongst 11-15 year olds who say they play the National Lottery, tickets/scratchcards are typically bought in the company of a parent/guardian (84%) and a parent/guardian hands over the money at point of purchase on the majority of occasions (78%). Other indicators The prevalence of gambling in the last week among 11-15 year olds is considerably higher than the comparable figures for smoking, drinking alcohol and using drugs.3 Across Europe, but excluding the UK, 14% of 15-16 year olds have gambled for money at least once and in common with the Gambling Commission survey, boys are much more likely to have done so than girls.4 Gambling Commission industry statistics for April 2014 – March 2015 indicate that 576,110 individuals were challenged on the basis of their age at betting, arcade, casino and bingo premises. The total number of reported challenges decreased by 9% based on the previous year. From October 2015 to September 2016, the Commission conducted 440 assessments of an operator’s capacity to exclude underage persons. Of these, 3% (13 operators or premises) were recorded as ‘inadequate’. Licence Conditions and Codes of Practice (LCCP) data for October 2015 – September 2016 shows 50 breaches relating to underage access at gambling premises, representing 6% of all recorded breaches.